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Agriculture develops three projects on the almond tree in Torre Pacheco as an alternative in the face of water scarcity (19/05/2019)

The initial results indicate that the almond tree cultivated with quilting and localized irrigation presents a rapid growth, early entry into production and good yields in kilos of seed.

The Ministry of Water, Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries develops in the Integrated Center of Training and Agricultural Experiences (Cifea) of Torre Pacheco three projects on the almond tree, with the aim of offering a viable alternative to other crops with greater water consumption, fertilizers and phytosanitary products in the Campo de Cartagena region.

The first project, started in 2010, aims to test the adaptation in this region of late flowering varieties, testing on hybrid pattern GF-677 the varieties Marinada, Vairo, Constantí, Soleta, Belona, ​​Lauranne, Carrero and Colorada.

In 2017, the Penta and Makako varieties were also introduced.

The second project, started in 2017, consists of a demonstration plot of 1,700 square meters of frank almond seed patterns, which aims to verify the virtues attributed to having a more pivotal and deep root system, greater resistance to drought and to the attack of the cabezudo worm, perfect affinity between the pattern and the variety, and low cost and ease of obtaining.

The third project, also started in 2017, consists of a plot of 1300 square meters of almond tree patterns in direct high-density sowing, in order to verify the technical and economic viability of this planting system, which obtains a wall or hedge fruit, with plantation frames of 4-3.5 mx 1.5-1 m.

Results

From the initial results it is clear that the almond tree grown in this area and under the described conditions, especially with padding and localized irrigation, behaves in a totally different way to the traditional crop, with a rapid growth, early entry into production, reduction of the vecería and a total production with good yields in kilos of seeds.

In the sixth year of harvest, the highest productivity was obtained with the Constantí varieties, which reach 14 kg of grain per tree, followed by Marinada and Belona, ​​with 13.1 kg, values ​​that in full production represent 3,000 kg / ha of grain and confirm it as a fully competitive crop, with a water consumption lower than citrus and horticultural.

Taking into account the prices of recent years, it could be considered as an alternative to other crops such as horticulture or citrus, for their lower water, fertilizer and phytosanitary and labor needs.

The Ministry will carry out outreach activities with farmers and technicians interested in visiting and evaluating these plots in the coming years.

This initiative is co-financed by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (Feader), the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and the Ministry of Water, Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries.

Source: CARM

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